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In the early 1900s, Bisbee with her booming copper industry, was the largest city between St. Louis and San Francisco.   The mining executives were very generous when it came to providing living spaces for themselves, their guests and the people of Bisbee.   Many of the buildings are listed on the National Register of Historical Places.  All of Old Bisbee is on the National Register of Historical  Places as the Bisbee Historic District.

The Bisbee Visitor’s Center has compiled a list of 12 distinctive buildings in downtown Bisbee that are not only architectural gems,  they also have special historical significances.  Information below is largely taken from he Bisbee Visitor’s Center’s Treasure Hunt walking brochure.  The brochure provides pictures and descriptions of the buildings without giving out the addresses.  Therefore, the addresses of these treasures will not be given until the end of the post for those who want to know.

oldcityhall1.  The Old City Hall:  It was also a fire station.  Ramps for horse drawn engines are on either side of the central door.  The bell was in the tower and warned of dangers from fires to mine cave-ins to Apache attacks.

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bisbeeminingmuseum.

2.  Phelps-Dodge Headquarters:  is now the Bisbee Historical and Mining Museum, a National Registered Landmark.   It was the first museum in the southwest to be distinguished as a Smithsonian Affiliate Museum.

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bisbeestockexchange3.  The Stock Exchange:  This was the first stock exchange in Arizona as well as the only one between San Francisco and Chicago.   Now it is the Stock Exchange Saloon, recently (2012) renovated to its original glory.

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bisbeeoldjail4.  The Old Jail:    “The two-story jail … was built in 1904 as the local branch of the Cochise County Jail, just one block from Bisbee Arizona’s famous Brewery Gulch. By 1915, during Bisbee’s mining boom, the jail was not able to handle the weekend overflow of jail mates. The drunk tank was packed with as many men the cell could hold. The cell block literally became a sweat box and a larger facility became necessary. When the larger detention center was built nearby, the OK Street Jailhouse was closed and sat vacant for decades.” (excerpt from examiner.com).  It was converted into a residence in 1988.  John Wayne was once a part owner of this building.

PythianCastle5.  The Pythian Castle:   Joseph M. Muheim, Sr., an early Bisbee entrepreneur who emigrated from Switzerland in 1883, built the Pythian Castle in 1904 for the Knights of Pythias Lodge (fraternal order popular in post-Civil War days).  It was renovated into an apartment building in 1984.

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Muheim

6.  The Muheim House:  a Registered National Historic site, was built by Joseph and Carmelita Muheim beginning in 1898. The first four rooms were completed in 1900. As the family grew, six more rooms were added. The house was completed in 1915.” (excerpt from  http://www.bisbeemuseum.org/bmmuheim.html).  The 1880’s Swiss Chalet is now a museum with period furnishings.

BisbeePresbyterianChurch7.  Presbyterian Church: The mining company gave permission to the Presbyterian Church to construct a church building on company land in 1902.  First worship service was on April 5, 1903.  In 1904, the property was deeded to the Church for $1.  It has beautiful stained glass windows and a working pipe organ with pipes 16 feet tall.

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bisbeecopperqueenhotel

8.  The Copper Queen Hotel:  built in 1902 to host visiting mining executives has been host to President Teddy Roosevelt and John Wayne and numerous ghosts.  It’s the oldest continuously operating hotel in Arizona.

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oldbisbeehighschool9.  The Old Bisbee High School (1914):  was in the Guinness World Records – each of the four floors has a ground-level entrance.   Learn more about the history of the old high school:  http://ow.ly/nYx9C

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stpatchurch10.  St. Patrick’s Catholic Church (1917):  Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Gothic Revival church is a copy of St. Mary’s Catholic Church in the Irish district of Whitehaven, England.  St. Patrick’s 41 stained glass windows were designed and produced by Emil Frei, whose work is recognized as an unsurpassed example of Victorian-style stained glass.

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castlerocks11.  Castle Rock:  Bisbee’s original landmark, the twin granite monoliths, said to be the place Jack Dunn filled the soldiers’ canteens on a summer day in 1877 when he discovered copper ore and promptly recorded the first mining claim in Bisbee.     http://ow.ly/nYyis

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bisbeelibrary12.  The Copper Queen Library – the oldest continuously operated library in Arizona had its start in a corner grocery store in 1882.  The current library building completed in 1907, is shared with the Post Office, the Copper Queen Post Office.

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Addresses

1. Old City Hall:  8 Naco Road  (Dr. Feelgood Spa and Jailhouse Inn)

2. Phelps-Dodge Headquarters: 5 Copper Queen Plaza  (Mining and Historical Museum)

3.  Stock Exchange: 15 Brewery Ave (Stock Exchange Saloon)

4.  Old Jail:  9 OK Street  (OK Street Jailhouse Inn)

5.  The Pythian Castle: 29 OK Street (Pythian Apartments)

6.  Muheim House: 207 Youngblood Hill Ave (Muheim Heritage House Museum)

7.  Presbyterian Church: 19 Howell Ave.

8.  Copper Queen Hotel:  11 Howell Ave.

9.  Old Bisbee High School: 100 Clawson Ave (Cochise County Office)

10.  St. Patrick’s Catholic Church:  100 Quality Hill Rd

11.  The Castle Rock : adjacent to 105 Tombstone Canyon (Savory Spot)

12.  Copper Queen Library and Bisbee Post Office: 6 Main Street

Links:

1.  Virtual Tourist Things to Do in Bisbee Link.

2.  History of Bisbee Link.

3.  Bisbee Then and Now Link.

4.  St Patrick’s Church Bisbee Link.

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A blog about Bisbee and Bisbee events by Gym Club Suites:

About us:  Originally built in 1903 as the YMCA, it is a registered historical landmark.  Renovated in the 1980′s into a 17-unit apartment building; now it is a popular vacation rental for long and short term stays.

For more info: www.gymclubsuites.com

To view our suites:  http://ow.ly/1TcVv

For Bisbee Events:  http://ow.ly/1SNm7

Follow us on Twitter:  www.twitter.com/BisbeeAzLodging

Facebook Page:   www.facebook.com/GymClubSuites

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